Venture capital firms invest in start-ups and help them grow. They earn their money by charging management fees and carrying interest. VCs avoid companies with long development cycles in low-growth market segments (e.g., genetic engineering, disk drives). They prefer industries where growth rates are far higher than the market as a whole.venture capitalism work
The team at your start-up is critical to your success and to a venture capitalist’s decision to invest. VCs are looking for proven management teams with experience in building successful businesses. They’re looking for people who can execute and deliver on their promises, especially during adolescence when all start-ups are increasing, and it’s hard to tell who will be successful and who will fail. Founders of start-up companies who need new ideas, funds, or skills to start something from scratch will often look to venture capital for funding and support. Brad Kern works with many start-ups and is good at pattern matching, recognizing issues other start-up companies have faced and the management teams that have dealt with them successfully. He’s also good at building relationships and helping their portfolio companies to grow.
As a form of private equity, venture capital seeks to profit from a disproportionately high return on inherently risky investments. To do this, it seeks out companies with a disruptive business model. Typically, start-ups need enough capital to hire employees and rent facilities before producing or selling any product. VC firms provide this initial funding in exchange for a small percentage of the company. When a start-up has established product-market fit, it may require growth capital to scale the business and reach more customers. These are larger financing rounds with higher valuations than the seed round. VCs typically invest in these later rounds, hoping to exit through a secondary sale, initial public offering (IPO), or acquisition. The success of a VC fund depends on the ability to identify early winners. It means spending much time on the best portfolio companies and less on the middle performers, sometimes called numnuts.
Venture capital is used to invest in start-ups and small businesses with high growth potential. Venture capital can be in the form of money or managerial expertise. The idea is to help these businesses become more extensive, sell the company, or go public. It helps the VC firm get their money back plus interest and allows them to profit from the entrepreneur’s gains in value for the company. Often, start-ups cannot gain debt financing from banks because of usury laws. They are also usually too small to raise capital in the institutional public equity markets. The VC fills this void by investing in these start-ups for a significant stake in the company’s ownership and value. The VC focuses on the middle part of the classic industry S-curve, away from the early stage when technologies are uncertain, market needs are undefined, and the later stages when competitive shakeouts, consolidations, and a slowing in growth rates are expected. It allows the VC to earn above-market rates of return on investment.
As a form of financing, venture capital firms provide an attractive return to investors, often in exchange for preferred-equity ownership that mimics debt. In addition, most venture funds have provisions such as a liquidation preference that simulates debt and gives them the first claim to company assets. Venture capitalists are looking for companies that have already found product-market fit and can generate growth. Those companies will have raised Series A and later financing rounds with higher valuations.
VCs avoid high-risk, early-stage industries such as genetic engineering that require extensive research and lengthy FDA approval processes. They also steer clear of low-, no- or negative-growth industry segments such as disk drives that will eventually shake out and consolidate into a few significant players. VCs recognize that growth within such segments requires superior management and technology, which can be harder to find than in high-growth sectors. In addition, these industries tend to have a lower probability of making it to the top of the classic industry S curve.